There will be many design changes and additions to the new Viracocha III that will give us a higher chance of success. Below is a list of the most important changes that will be made.
- Two triangular sails hung behind curved masts, as opposed lateen rig sails hung in front of mast that were used on the first two rafts. The masts and sails are inspired by drawings made by Spanish Conquistador Chroniclers who first recorded the South American sail types upon their arrival in the New World. No ancient style boat has tried this sail or mast type in modern times.
- Sails will be made from extremely strong Andean textiles that will be hand woven.
- A rudder oar passing through the rear, center of the hull following the South American Culture Moche design pictured in Peruvian pyramids, gourds and other ornamental figurines. It will be much less likely to break. A spare will be brought as well.
- Deck structure to shed rain water and waves, helping to reduce weight and thus furthering the distance the raft can travel.
- The hull will be a bit narrower at the beam (width at middle) measuring 4.6 meters (15 feet) for faster progress, with the hull once again 18 meters (64 feet) in length, to fit in between two average wave crests.
- Center heart of wood and reeds rather than of just reeds alone adding more rigidity the hull in following seas, a reed boat's Achilles heal.
- Deck support made from a wooden framework for following seas.
- Lengthwise rope around entire vessel to add more hull rigidity.
- Rowing stations to maneuver raft to reposition sails and for moving around ports .
- Wave deflection decks on port and starboard sides.
- Additional wave deflectors made from sail cloth, below wave deflector decks.
- Diving chamber for underwater repairs with a leather/wooden foot pump supply air.
- Bamboo gutter system to collect rainwater to be stored in bamboo, bottle gourds and wooden water tanks. This will allow the vessel to carry much less weight on-board.
- Box through the center of hull for underwater filming.
- The use of clay cook stove powered by wood and charcoal.
- The use of clay pots and pans, wooden utensils.
- Consumption of many native foods that were available to ancient mariners.
- Limited plastics on-board.
- Use of period fishing instruments.
- Period Musical instruments
- Stone/wood Anchors
The purpose of these expeditions is to strengthen the theory that ancient navigators could have crossed oceans using wind and ocean currents to explore the world long before the time of Columbus. The first Viracocha rftawas the first primitive raft expedition to connect the ancient civilizations of Tiwuanaco on the shores of Titicaca lake, Bolivia and Easter Island, showing that there may have been contact between two of the most mysterious civilizations of ancient times. No ancient reed raft or other vessel has made this voyage in modern times.
The Viracocha II sailed from Vina del Mar Chile to Easter Island and once again showed that South Americans could have made the voyage to Polynesia.
During the first and second expeditions, Viracocha I and II crew followed the natural conveyor Humboldt Current less than 500 miles from one of the most isolated places on the planet, Easter Island. The last 500 miles were the most difficult, requiring tacking into the wind and fighting circular vortex currents to reach the final destination.The reed raft Viracocha III and its crew will follow the wake of Kon-Tiki Viracocha and his people, as well as his drive to follow the sun and the desire to spread the seeds of civilization to the west.
To demonstrate the great nautical capacity of the South American pre-Columbian rafts through a voyage that will cross the entire Pacific Ocean from Arica, Chile to Sydney, Australia, bringing to the forefront traditional knowledge and technologies.
- Demonstrate the vast nautical capacity of ancestral South American rafts, supporting the theory that these ancient cultures may have traveled long distances by ocean, becoming the first to reach some of the islands of Polynesia.
- Record the experience through a documentary adventure film and documentary series with informative and cultural material, interviews, reflections and aerial and underwater footage shot with the latest technology.
- Recapturing the knowledge of the South American native cultures in various fields, using period instruments and customs based on Pre-Colombian drawings and records.
- Contribute to scientific knowledge while conducting various scientific experiments on the journey related to pollution levels and there effects on marine fauna.
- Raise awareness about climate change in different regions of the world, specifically in the Pacific Ocean and South American Regions, providing examples of alternative energy and information.
- Inspire future generations through an educational program which will include an interactive website in order to foster meaningful learning and experience as a teaching method.
- Promote art in terms of original music with period instruments, painting, film and literature, among others.
The voyage begins on the northern coast of Chile, in Arica, Chile and will cross the entire Pacific Ocean, covering approximately 10,000 nautical miles in a six months time period. It will be the longest raft voyage of any kind in modern times, shedding new light on the long distances such rafts could have traveled and providing important information about human migration.The first part of the voyage will take advantage of the Humboldt Current and make the first arrival in the Marquesas Islands, and then go to the islands of Tahiti, Fiji, Vanuatu, New Caledonia and finally the port of Sydney, Australia.
Viracocha III Expedition Itinerary
November to May (2015/2016)
|2.5 million reeds were harvested and dried on the shores of Lake Titicaca and were transported to the construction site in La Paz, Bolivia.|
May to November (2016)
|Hull construction. |
|The hull and super-structure will be transported by truck to the launch site of Arica, Chile.|
December to February (2016/2017)
|Handmade textiles will be made out of natural fiber to be used for the manufacturing of sails.|
December to February (2016/2017)
|The super/structure, sails, mast, rudder, etc. will be built by the expedition leader, crew members and numerous volunteers.|
|Raft construction site completed on Chinchorro Beach, Arica, Chile.|
- The Voyage in 2018 (all dates are estimated)
Launch of the Viracocha III Reed Raft
Set Sail from Arica, Chile
Arrival to Mangareva Island
Arrival to Tahiti
Arrival in Fiji
Arrival in New Caledonia
Arrival in Sydney, Australia
- Post Expedition 2018
- Adventure documentary about the journey is completed and distributed worldwide.
- A book written by the expedition leader about all three Viracocha Voyages.
- Presentations in public forums by the expedition leader.